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Deprivation

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Summary Points for Commissioners

  • All overall measures at the Local Authority level show Blackpool has become relatively more deprived since 2004;
  • The 2015 index ranks Blackpool as the most deprived of 326 Local Authority areas in England, based on both the average LSOA score and concentration of deprivation measures;
  • Blackpool has the 7th highest proportion of LSOA’s ranked in the 10% most deprived, and the 12th highest ranked in the 30% most deprived – both rankings have deteriorated since 2010;
  • Blackpool ranks in the bottom 10 local authority areas across 4 of the 7 domains, with only Barriers to Housing and Services ranked outside the bottom 25;
  •  36 of 94 Blackpool LSOAs are in the 10% most deprived in the country;
  • Blackpool now has no LSOA’s in the 30% least deprived in the country, compared to 20% in 2010;
  • Parts of Park and Highfield are ranked as significantly less deprived in 2015, whilst parts of Clifton, Highfield, Marton, Waterloo, Warbreck and Bispham are ranked as more deprived

Introduction

The English Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) is the most robust measure of overall deprivation in small areas. The 2015 index was released on 30th September 2015, updating the 2010 Index. It is made up of indicators covering 7 topics, or “domains”, which are weighted according to their perceived contribution towards deprivation as follows:

Graphic showing the 7-Domains-of-Deprivation

Individual indicators within the index are subject to change depending on the availability of the data, but DCLG treats the different iterations of the index as comparable. The indices therefore show change over time in relative deprivation levels.

The index ranks four different geographies:

  • Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs) – these are units of geography smaller than Council wards and contain around 1500 residents. A rank of 1 indicates the most deprived LSOA, and of 32844th the least deprived;
  • Local Authority (LA) level, based on an aggregated version of the LSOA data, where a rank of 1 indicates the most deprived local authority area, and 326th indicates the least deprived;
  • LEP area (ranked from 1-39);
  • CCG area (ranked from 1-209).

This page reports on the headline LSOA level and LA level rankings. There are several ways of measuring deprivation in all of these types of area. Explanations of the different rankings are provided throughout the page.

 Detailed Facts and Figures

Blackpool’s Deprivation Rankings since 2004

For the 2015 index, the DCLG has reported the rank of local authority areas obtained from calculating the proportion of LSOA’s in the area which fall into the most deprived 10% in the country. This measure has not previously been reported by DCLG, but their figures show that Blackpool now ranks as the 7th most deprived area, compared to 9th in 2010, with 38.3% of our LSOA’s (36 areas in total) now falling into this category.

Historically, the deprivation ranking usually quoted was based on an average for all LSOAs – based on the deprivation scores obtained from the indicators in each of the 7 domains. On this measure Blackpool fell from being ranked 6th most deprived to the most deprived local authority area in the country, as can be seen in the table below. 

Deprivation in Blackpool 2004-2015
Ranking Measure2004200720102015Change

Rank of average score

Ranks the authority based on average deprivation scores for all LSOAs.

24th

12th

6th

1st

-5

Local Concentration

Ranks the area by an average of LSOA rankings covering 10% of the population. Areas are selected in order from most deprived.

10th

3rd

1st

1st

~0

Rank of average rank

Ranks the authority based on the average deprivation rankings for all LSOAs

26th

18th

10th

4th

-6

Rank of LSOAs in most deprived 10%

Ranks the authority based on the % of  LSOAs in the 10% most deprived areas nationally

-

-

9th

7th

-2

Extent

Ranks the authority based on an average of LSOA rankings in the most 30% deprived nationally

35th

24th

16th

12th

-4

Employment scale

Ranks the authority based on the absolute number of people who are income deprived

59th

61st

63rd

61st

-2

Income scale

Ranks the authority based on the absolute number of people who are income deprived

73rd

72nd

74th

68th

-6

Source: Indices of Deprivation, Department for Communities and Local Goverment, 2015

The other overall ranks are variations of these. The rank of local concentration is a reference to the “intensity” of the deprivation amongst the 10% most deprived of the population, rather than a reference to deprived areas all being in one part of Blackpool. It is calculated by adding up the number of people living in the most deprived areas until 10% of Blackpool’s total population is reached, and using the ranks of these LSOA areas to produce a concentration score, which is then compared to the figure for other areas to produce a rank. The rank of local extent looks at neighbourhoods in the bottom 30%.

In previous iterations of the Index, only the Employment and Income domains (the two domains with the most influence on the overall deprivation ranking) were ranked, based on the total numbers of people included in the calculation of the indicators. These are therefore different to the other ranks, as they cover numbers of people and not performance indicators. The change in these rankings therefore show that Blackpool has the 61st and 68th biggest number of people affected by deprivation in these domains compared to other Local Authority areas across the country.

Domain Rankings 2015

 For the first time in 2015, DCLG has released rankings for each of the individual domains, plus the two other deprivation products calculated from the same source data – Income Deprivation affecting Children, and affecting Older People. These show how the relative position of Blackpool varies across the domains, with performance on Barriers to Housing and Services, Living Environment, and Education & Skills the only ones outside the bottom 10 authority areas.

Blackpool Deprivation Domain Rankings
Indices of Deprivation DomainRank of Average ScoreRank of areas in most deprived 10%
Index of Multiple Deprivation
This combines the below 7 domains into a ‘single score’ of deprivation
1 7
Income 3 9
Employment 2 7
Education and Skills 17 24
Health Deprivation and Disability 1 4
Crime 9 7
Barriers to Housing and Services 326 264
Living Environment 23 20
Additional Indices  
Income Deprivation affecting Children 9 11
Income Deprivation affecting Older People 21 34
Source: Indices of Deprivation, Department for Communities and Local Goverment, 2015

Deprivation in Neighbourhoods - Lower Super Output Areas

 The table below shows how the level of deprivation across LSOA’s has changed since the publication of the 2010 index. This shows how the overall fall in the rankings has played out at the local level, with the 2015 index showing no LSOA’s in the 30% least deprived areas, compared to no LSOA’s in the 20% most deprived in 2010.

Percentages of LSOAs in each Deprivation Decile
 Number of LSOAs% in Decile
National Decile2010201520102015
1 - most deprived 10% 35 36 37% 38%
2 11 12 12% 13%
3 18 16 19% 17%
4 11 13 12% 14%
5 11 9 12% 10%
6 4 3 4% 3%
7 3 5 3% 5%
8 1 0 1% 0%
9 0 0 0% 0%
10 - least deprived 10% 0 0 0% 0%
 Source: Indices of Deprivation, Department for Communities and Local Goverment, 2015

The chart below shows how the 2015 distribution compares to the regional and national picture. Blackpool has a greater proportion of areas in the most deprived deciles than the least deprived ones:

Deprivation Deciles NW Eng Comp

LSOA Map – Overall picture of Deprivation in Blackpool

The following map shows the picture on deprivation at LSOA level. The colours pick out the built environment of the area, with the colour representing the level of deprivation. The boundaries of the LSOA’s are not included for ease of viewing, with the ward boundaries acting as a general guide;

Indices of Deprivation 2015