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Lung Cancer

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Introduction

Cancer Research UK provides a Quick Guide to lung cancer that includes information about symptoms, early detection and possible risk factors.

Incidence of Lung Cancer

Incidence is defined as the number of new cases identified in a given period of time.

In Blackpool each year there are approximately 160 new case of lung cancer identified. Figure 1 shows the trend in the cancer incidence rate in Blackpool, the north west and England and Wales. The incidence rate (in this case per 100,000 population) is calculated to allow comparison between geographies of different population sizes and with different gender and age make ups.

Nationally lung cancer incidence has fallen consistently in males over many years, but has risen over the same period in females. Lung cancer incidence in Blackpool has remained consistently higher than seen nationally. Lung cancer is primarily caused by smoking and these changing incidence patterns are a reflection of changing historic smoking habits.

Figure 1 - Incidents of Lung Cancer - 2001-2014 Annual Trend

Source: HSCIC Indicators

Mortality from Lung Cancer

Each year in Blackpool there are approximately 115 deaths due to lung cancer. The directly standardised mortality rate (in this case per 100,000 population) is calculated to allow comparison between geographies of different population sizes and with different gender and age make ups. Figure 2 demonstrates that mortality rates for lung cancer in Blackpool are significantly higher than the English local authority average. Smoking contributes to between 80% and 90% of lung cancer deaths1. The high rates of lung cancer seen today in Blackpool are thought to be associated with high level of smoking.

Figure 2 - Mortality from Lung Cancer - 2011-2013 - Lower Tier Local Authorities

Source: HSCIC Indicators

Risk Factors

Cancer Research UK has compiled a summary of risk factors and causes of lung cancer.

Recommendations


[1] http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/2004/index.htm