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Colorectal Cancer

Last Modified 27/07/2017 15:31:36 Share this page

Introduction

Cancer Research UK provides a Quick Guide to colorectal cancer that includes information about symptoms, early detection, screening for breast cancer and possible risk factors.

Incidence of Colorectal Cancer

Incidence is defined as the number of new cases identified in a given period of time.

In Blackpool each year there are approximately 110 new case of colorectal cancer identified. Figure 1 shows the trend in the cancer incidence rate in Blackpool, the north west and England and Wales. The incidence rate (in this case per 100,000 population) is calculated to allow comparison between geographies of different population sizes and with different gender and age make ups.

Colorectal cancer incidence has risen slightly both nationally and locally. Colorectal cancer incidence is significantly higher in males than females.

Figure 1 - Incidents of Colorectal Cancer - 2001-2014 Annual Trend

Source: HSCIC Indicators

Mortality from Colorectal Cancer

Each year in Blackpool there are approximately 50 deaths due to colorectal cancer. The directly standardised mortality rate (in this case per 100,000 population) is calculated to allow comparison between geographies of different population sizes and with different gender and age make ups. Figure 2 demonstrates that mortality rates for colorectal cancer in Blackpool are not significantly higher than the national average.

Figure 2 - Mortality from Colorectal Cancer - 2012-2014 - Lower Tier Local Authorities

Source: HSCIC Indicators

Bowel Cancer Screening

The NHS administers a national bowel screening programme aimed at detecting early symptoms of bowel cancer. The definition of the bowel cancer screening coverage measure is, the proportion of people registered with NHS Blackpool CCG GP practices eligible (aged 60-69) for bowel cancer screening who were screened adequately within the previous 2.5 years. Blackpool achieved a screening coverage rate of 52.2% in 2016 compared to a rate of 57.9% in England as a whole.

National and local strategies (current best practices)

Risk Factors

Cancer Research UK has compiled a summary of risk factors and causes of breast cancer.