Home > COVID-19

Blackpool Coronavirus Summary

Last Modified 05/01/2022 16:52:10 Share this page

Deaths

The trend in deaths of Blackpool residents is shown in the chart below. The red bars show the deaths identified as Covid-19 on death certificates. The number of deaths quickly came to a peak in mid-April 2020 with a slower fall over summer before increasing again from mid-October and falling through March 2021. There has been an increase in Covid-19 deaths in the last few months but nothing like that seen in past waves. The black line allows a comparison of the total number of deaths currently being recorded each week with the average number we have seen in the last five years. This gap between the current number of deaths and what we would expect based on the pattern from previous years is often described as the number of ‘excess deaths’. The number of deaths generally continues to be greater than the 5 year average though deaths with Covid-19 recorded are far fewer than in previous waves. 

Deaths that occured up to 26 November 2021 but were registered up to 1 January 2022, Blackpool

Mortality trend 1-1-22
 
 Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS) - Death registrations and occurences by local authority
    • In the period up to 1 January 2022, 544 residents of Blackpool have COVID-19 recorded on their death certificate.

Comparing the numbers of deaths in different areas is more meaningful if we take account of their population sizes and their age and sex distributions. This is particularly important for COVID-19, as we know that it disproportionately impacts older people and to some extent males. The chart below takes these factors into account. All regions recorded increases in mortality rates involving COVID-19 between March and April, followed by decreases in summer 2020. Further spikes occurred over the winter and now mortality from COVID-19 is decreasing across all areas. While Blackpool’s death rate is higher than the England rate, it is similar to the average death rate across the North West as a whole.

Directly standardised mortality rates for deaths due to coronavirus* for males and females: March 2020 – April 2021

Mortality DSR Apr 21-M&F
Source: Deaths due to COVID-19 by local area and deprivation - Office for National Statistics (ons.gov.uk)

*The number of deaths "due to" the coronavirus (COVID-19) include only where COVID-19 was the underlying (main) cause of death.

Cases

Testing for COVID-19 allows the diagnosis of an individual, but also allows us to track the progress of the epidemic. Testing has been undertaken in two ‘pillars’:

    • Pillar 1: swab testing in Public Health England (PHE) labs and NHS hospitals for those with a clinical need, and health and care workers
    • Pillar 2: swab testing for the wider population, as set out in government guidance

The chart below tracks pillar 1and pillar 2 confirmed cases, for Blackpool residents over time. Data only allows for one infection per person to be recorded, therefore anyone who tests positive a second time will not be recorded.   

Blackpool - COVID-19 Daily lab-confirmed cases to 4 January 2022

Cases trend 4-1
Source: https://coronavirus.data.gov.uk
    • To date (4 January 2022) there have been 31,400 confirmed cases in Blackpool since the outbreak began.
    • This is roughly equal to 225 people out of every 1,000 that live in the town.
    • In the 7 days to the 30 December, 2,620 residents tested positive for COVID-19, which represents a weekly rate of 1893.3 per 100,000 residents.
    • In the week ending 30 December, 36% of tests taken by residents in Blackpool were positive. 

Blackpool data

Each week Public Health England publishes the number of positive cases of COVID-19 recorded in each middle super output areas (MSOAs). Where the number of cases are below 3, these have been suppressed to maintain confidentiality.

View the latest week's count for your MSOA (enter your postcode)

Weekly rate of COVID-19 cases per 100,000 population, tested under Pillar 1 and 2, by upper-tier local authority, 13 - 19 December 2021

Map 13-19 Dec
Source: Public Health England - National flu and COVID-19 surveillance reports

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Infection Survey pilot

COVID-19 can present as a mild illness in many people and can be totally asymptomatic in others. This means that many people who have COVID-19 will not be tested for the virus, and therefore testing cannot give us a complete picture of what is happening. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) and the University of Oxford are conducting the Coronavirus Infection Survey Pilot to assess the incidence (the number of new cases per week) and the prevalence (the number of people who have the virus at any one time) of COVID-19, as well as to gain further insight into what factors influence catching the virus.

    • Prevalence: An estimated 3,270,800 people (95% credible interval: 3,163,5900 to 3,377,500) within the community population in England had COVID-19 in the week ending 31 December 2021, equating to around 1 in 15 individuals.

In England, the percentage of people testing positive for coronavirus (COVID-19) continues to increase in the week ending 31 December 2021. COVID-19 infections continued to increase across all age groups and were highest among those in school Year 12 to age 24 years.

In the last few days of 2021, the trend in the percentage testing positive was uncertain for those in London who are secondary school ages and those aged 25 to 49 years, which may mean that infections are no longer increasing among these ages in London, but it is currently too early to suggest if this is a continuing change in trend.

COVID-19 infections continued to increase across all regions of England, with the highest percentage testing positive in London (1 in 10) and the lowest in the South West of England (1 in 30); there were some early signs in the last few days of 2021 that infections may no longer be increasing in London, but it is currently too early to suggest if this is a continuing change in trend.

COVID-19 infections compatible with the Omicron variant continued to increase rapidly across England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland, and Omicron is now the most common variant across all UK countries.

The chart below presents estimates of infection rates over time. The estimates shows the proportion of Delta variant and Omicron variant infections in recent weeks.

Modelled percentage of positive cases compatible with the Delta variant, and compatible with the Omicron variant, based on nose and throat swabs, daily, from 20 November to 31 December 2021, UK

Case estimate 31 Dec
Source: ONS - COVID-19 Infection Survey
Notes:
1.These statistics refer to infections reported in the community, by which is meant private households. These figures exclude infections reported in hospitals, care homes or other institutional settings.
2.It is important to note that the results for the most recent period are provisional, as the CIS is still receiving swab test results. This may result in further revisions to the figure.
 

R Value

The reproduction number (R) is the average number of secondary infections produced by 1 infected person.

An R number of 1 means that on average every person who is infected will infect 1 other person, meaning the total number of new infections is stable. If R is 2, on average, each infected person infects 2 more people. If R is 0.5 then on average for each 2 infected people, there will be only 1 new infection. If R is greater than 1 the epidemic is generally seen to be growing, if R is less than 1 the epidemic is shrinking.

R is not the only important measure of the epidemic. R indicates whether the epidemic is getting bigger or smaller but not how large it is. The number of people currently infected with coronavirus (COVID-19) – and so able to pass it on – is very important. 

The R value cannot be measured or calculated directly but must be inferred from the trend observed in epidemiological data such as hospital admissions, ICU admissions and deaths. 

The estimated R values for areas with smaller populations are much less certain, as there is less information available to produce a model. A number of models have been created to estimate an R value for the North West of England. These models currently suggest the R value for the North West is similar to the value for England as a whole. 

Latest R number range for England

Range for England                  1.0 - 1.2 

 

 

 

Range for the North West    1.0 - 1.2

 

 

Last updated on Friday 23 December 2021

Growth Rate

The growth rate reflects how quickly the number of infections are changing day by day and it is an approximation of the change in number infections each day. If the growth rate is greater than zero (+ positive), then the disease will grow. If the growth rate is less than zero (- negative) then the disease will shrink.

The size of the growth rate indicates the speed of change. A growth rate of +5% will grow faster than one with a growth rate of +1%. Likewise, a disease with a growth rate of -4% will be shrinking faster than a disease with growth rate of -1%.

Latest growth rates (percentage per day)

Range for England                        0% to +3%            

 

 

Range for the North West          0% to +4% 

 

 

Last updated on Friday 23 December 2021

For further information, please see The R number and growth rate in the UK

Vaccination coverage

The NHS started administering vaccinations for COVID-19 in England on 8 December 2020 and it is being offered in some hospitals and pharmacies, at local centres run by GPs and at larger vaccination centres.

It's currently being given to:

    • People aged 12 and over
    • People aged 18 and over can get a 1st and 2nd dose of a vaccine
    • Most children and young people aged 12 to 17 are currently only being offered a 1st dose

Booster vaccine doses will be available for people most at risk from COVID-19 who have had a 2nd dose of a vaccine at least 6 months ago. This includes:

    • people aged 18 and over
    • people who live and work in care homes
    • frontline health and social care workers
    • people aged 16 and over with a health condition that puts them at high risk of getting seriously ill from COVID-19
    • people aged 16 and over who are a main carer for someone at high risk
    • people aged 16 and over who live with someone who is more likely to get infections

Blackpool vaccination coverage: cumulative proportion of doses administered to 4 January 2022

Vaccination 4-1
Source: PHE Situational Awareness Explorer 
    • As at 4 January 2022, 105,877 people in Blackpool had at least one dose of the vaccine.
    • 80% of Blackpool residents aged 12+ have now received at least one dose of vaccine (73.3% have received two doses and 53.4% three doses).
    • 87.3% of eligible residents of older adult care homes are reported to be vaccinated with a booster by 19 December 2021.
    • 46.9% of staff of older adult care homes are reported to be vaccinated with a booster dose.

Covid-19 Vaccine data - local authority and MSOA count

Counts of vaccinations by local authority and MSOA are available from NHS England-Statistics » COVID-19 Vaccinations (england.nhs.uk)