Blackpool Coronavirus Summary
Last Modified 11/04/2022 17:03:09
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The trend in deaths of Blackpool residents is shown in the chart below. The red bars show the deaths identified as Covid-19 on death certificates. The number of deaths quickly came to a peak in mid-April 2020 with a slower fall over summer before increasing again from mid-October and falling through March 2021. The latest wave of infections has seen fewer deaths than previously due to the vaccination programme. The black line allows a comparison of the total number of deaths currently being recorded each week with the average number we have seen in the last five years. This gap between the current number of deaths and what we would expect based on the pattern from previous years is often described as the number of ‘excess deaths’. The number of deaths generally continues to be greater than the 5 year average though deaths with Covid-19 recorded are far fewer than previously.
Deaths that occured up to 25 February 2022 but were registered up to 5 March 2022, Blackpool
Source: Office for National Statistics (ONS) - Death registrations and occurences by local authority
- In the period up to 5 March 2022, 578 residents of Blackpool have COVID-19 recorded on their death certificate.
Comparing the numbers of deaths in different areas is more meaningful if we take account of their population sizes and their age and sex distributions. This is particularly important for COVID-19, as we know that it disproportionately impacts older people and to some extent males. The chart below takes these factors into account. All regions recorded increases in mortality rates involving COVID-19 between March and April, followed by decreases in summer 2020. Further spikes occurred over the winter and now mortality from COVID-19 is decreasing across all areas. While Blackpool’s death rate is higher than the England rate, it is similar to the average death rate across the North West as a whole.
Directly standardised mortality rates for deaths due to coronavirus* for males and females: March 2020 – April 2021
Source: Deaths due to COVID-19 by local area and deprivation - Office for National Statistics (ons.gov.uk)
*The number of deaths "due to" the coronavirus (COVID-19) include only where COVID-19 was the underlying (main) cause of death.
Testing for COVID-19 allows the diagnosis of an individual, but also allows us to track the progress of the epidemic. As the pandemic continues it is more likely that people will be re-infected with COVID-19. However, until recently, surveillance figures only reported cases at the date of the first infection, so individuals were only counted once.
UK public health agencies are now counting infection episodes separately if there are at least 90 days between positive test results. If someone has another positive specimen within 90 days of the last one, this is included in the same episode. If they have another positive specimen more than 90 days after the last one, this is counted in a separate episode (a possible reinfection episode)1. The chart below tracks first and subsequent confirmed cases for Blackpool residents over time.
Blackpool - COVID-19 Daily lab-confirmed cases to 13 March 2022
- To date (13 March 2022) there have been 44,639 confirmed cases in Blackpool since the outbreak began.
- This is roughly equal to 320 people out of every 1,000 that live in the town.
- Since the pandemic began, approximately 5.7% of all cases to date are reinfections. For those testing positive in 2022, approx. 13% of cases are reinfections.
- In the 7 days to the 6 March, 491 residents tested positive for COVID-19, which represents a weekly rate of 354.8 per 100,000 residents.
- In the week ending 2 March, 7.6% of tests taken by residents in Blackpool were positive.
Each week Public Health England publishes the number of positive cases of COVID-19 recorded in each middle super output areas (MSOAs). Where the number of cases are below 3, these have been suppressed to maintain confidentiality.
View the latest week's count for your MSOA (enter your postcode)
Weekly rate of COVID-19 cases per 100,000 population, tested under Pillar 1 and 2, by upper-tier local authority, 28 February - 6 March 2022
Source: Public Health England - National flu and COVID-19 surveillance reports
Coronavirus (COVID-19) Infection Survey pilot
COVID-19 can present as a mild illness in many people and can be totally asymptomatic in others. This means that many people who have COVID-19 will not be tested for the virus, and therefore testing cannot give us a complete picture of what is happening. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) and the University of Oxford are conducting the Coronavirus Infection Survey Pilot to assess the incidence (the number of new cases per week) and the prevalence (the number of people who have the virus at any one time) of COVID-19, as well as to gain further insight into what factors influence catching the virus.
- Prevalence: An estimated 2,073,900 people (95% credible interval: 1,992,700 to 2,155,900) within the community population in England had COVID-19 in the week ending 5 March 2022, equating to around 1 in 25 individuals.
In England, the percentage of people testing positive for coronavirus (COVID-19) increased in the week ending 5 March 2022 and remained high across all regions of England. The percentage testing positive increased in the North West, East Midlands, West Midlands, East of England and London, the trend was uncertain in the North East, Yorkshire and The Humber, South West and the South East.
The percentage testing positive increased for those aged 25 years and over and decreased for those in school Year 7 to school Year 11. The percentage of people testing positive has decreased for those aged 2 years to school Year 6 and those in school Year 12 to aged 24 years in the two weeks up to 5 March 2022. However, the trend was uncertain in the most recent week.
Estimated percentage of the population testing positive for coronavirus on nose and throat swabs, England, 14 March 2021 to 5 March 2022
Source: ONS - COVID-19 Infection Survey
The reproduction number (R) is the average number of secondary infections produced by 1 infected person.
An R number of 1 means that on average every person who is infected will infect 1 other person, meaning the total number of new infections is stable. If R is 2, on average, each infected person infects 2 more people. If R is 0.5 then on average for each 2 infected people, there will be only 1 new infection. If R is greater than 1 the epidemic is generally seen to be growing, if R is less than 1 the epidemic is shrinking.
R is not the only important measure of the epidemic. R indicates whether the epidemic is getting bigger or smaller but not how large it is. The number of people currently infected with coronavirus (COVID-19) – and so able to pass it on – is very important.
The R value cannot be measured or calculated directly but must be inferred from the trend observed in epidemiological data such as hospital admissions, ICU admissions and deaths.
The estimated R values for areas with smaller populations are much less certain, as there is less information available to produce a model. A number of models have been created to estimate an R value for the North West of England. These models currently suggest the R value for the North West is similar to the value for England as a whole.
Latest R number range for England
Range for England 0.8 - 1.1
Range for the North West 0.8 - 1.1
Last updated on Friday 11 March 2022
The growth rate reflects how quickly the number of infections are changing day by day and it is an approximation of the change in number infections each day. If the growth rate is greater than zero (+ positive), then the disease will grow. If the growth rate is less than zero (- negative) then the disease will shrink.
The size of the growth rate indicates the speed of change. A growth rate of +5% will grow faster than one with a growth rate of +1%. Likewise, a disease with a growth rate of -4% will be shrinking faster than a disease with growth rate of -1%.
Latest growth rates (percentage per day)
Range for England -2% to +2%
Range for the North West -3% to +2%
Last updated on Friday 11 March 2022
For further information, please see The R number and growth rate in the UK
The NHS started administering vaccinations for COVID-19 in England on 8 December 2020 and it is being offered in some hospitals and pharmacies, at local centres run by GPs and at larger vaccination centres.
Anyone who gets COVID-19 can become seriously ill or have long-term effects (long COVID). The COVID-19 vaccines are the best way to protect yourself and others.
Research has shown the vaccines help:
- reduce your risk of getting seriously ill or dying from COVID-19
- reduce your risk of catching or spreading COVID-19
- protect against COVID-19 variants
Blackpool vaccination coverage: cumulative proportion of doses administered to 11 March 2022
Source: PHE Situational Awareness Explorer
- As at 11 March 2022, 108,414 people in Blackpool had at least one dose of the vaccine.
- 80.9% of Blackpool residents aged 12+ have now received at least one dose of vaccine (75.2% have received two doses and 57.9% three doses).
- 92.4% of eligible residents of older adult care homes are reported to be vaccinated with a booster by 6 March 2022.
- 60.5% of staff of older adult care homes are reported to be vaccinated with a booster dose.
Covid-19 Vaccine data - local authority and MSOA count
Counts of vaccinations by local authority and MSOA are available from NHS England-Statistics » COVID-19 Vaccinations (england.nhs.uk)
UK Health Security Agency, COVID-19 daily dashboard amended to include reinfections