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Child Mortality

Last Modified 13/06/2017 12:17:58 Share this page

Introduction

Death in childhood represents not only a tragedy for that child's family but also a loss to wider society in terms of lost years of productive life.

Facts and Figures

Blackpool experiences higher than average mortality rates for children; however the actual number of deaths each year is small which means the rates are subject to large annual variation and need to be interpreted with caution.

Figure 1: Trend in child mortality (1-17 years), 2010-12 to 2013-15

Trend in child mortality 1012 - 1315
Source: PHE Profiles, Overview of Child Health

The data represents the directly standardise mortality rate (DSR) per 100,000 young people aged 1 to 17 years old, in Blackpool, the North West, and England. The data in Figure 1 is grouped into three year periods to mitigate for the small number of deaths in a single year. Due to the small numbers involved it is not possible to say with statistical confidence that Blackpool has a greater infant mortality rate than the North West or England as a whole. In the three years from 2013-15, 13 young people aged 1 to 17 years died in Blackpool.

Risk Factors

Children (one to nine years)

The leading causes of death in this age group are cancer, injuries and poisonings, congenital conditions and neurological and developmental disorders. Preterm birth also contributes to mortality for up to 10 years after birth. There is a strong association between deprivation and the risk of death throughout childhood, with children in deprived areas more likely to die1.

Young people (10 to 19 years)

The most common causes of death in this age group are injuries, violence and suicide, followed by cancer, substance misuse disorders and nervous system and developmental disorders. The majority of these deaths are among 15- to 19-year-olds; the risk of dying for young men is notably higher than for young women. Deprivation and mental health problems increase the risk of death throughout adolescence1.

National and local strategies

 


[1] RCPCH,State of Child Health Report, 2017